Farming

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Farming is the skill associated with planting, growing, and harvesting crops on your farm. It's one of the main income sources for the game, and provides ingredients for cooking.

When harvesting, you can stand in the center of a 3x3 square of harvestable crops and hold the right mouse button, then move the mouse over the crops to harvest more quickly.

To plant crops players must first till a patch of soil using a hoe. If they intend to use Basic Fertilizer or Quality Fertilizer that should be applied before planting the seed. The crop must be watered each day to grow, unless it is raining (when they'll require no watering).

If the player fails to water crops for a day, the crop will not die, but will not grow that day (effectively being delayed a day).

Farming Skill Icon.png Farming Skill

The farming skill level can be viewed in the skill tab of the pause menu. Each level grants +1 proficiency to the Hoe and Watering Can, which reduces the energy cost of using the tools. Higher farming skill also increases the chance to obtain quality crops.

Levels are gained by harvesting Crops, petting farm animals, milking cows or goats, shearing sheep, and picking up animal products inside a coop or barn (eggs, duck feathers, wool, rabbit's feet).

Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5
Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting / Cooking Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Choose a Profession:
Scarecrow.png Scarecrow

Basic Fertilizer.png Basic Fertilizer

Mayonnaise Machine.png Mayonnaise Machine

Stone Fence.png Stone Fence

Sprinkler.png Sprinkler

Bee House.png Bee House

Speed-Gro.png Speed-Gro

Farmer's Lunch.png Farmer's Lunch

Preserves Jar.png Preserves Jar

Basic Retaining Soil.png Basic Retaining Soil

Iron Fence.png Iron Fence

Rancher.png Rancher
Animal products worth 20% more.
Tiller.png Tiller
Crops worth 10% more.
Level 6 Level 7 Level 8 Level 9 Level 10
Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Rancher: Tiller:

Cheese Press.png Cheese Press

Hardwood Fence.png Hardwood Fence

Quality Sprinkler.png Quality Sprinkler

Loom.png Loom

Quality Retaining Soil.png Quality Retaining Soil

Oil Maker.png Oil Maker

Keg.png Keg

Deluxe Speed-Gro.png Deluxe Speed-Gro

Seed Maker.png Seed Maker

Iridium Sprinkler.png Iridium Sprinkler

Quality Fertilizer.png Quality Fertilizer

Coopmaster.png Coopmaster
Befriend coop animals quicker.
Incubation time cut in half.
Artisan.png Artisan
Artisan goods (wine, cheese, oil, etc.) worth 40% more.
(Note that oil does not actually benefit from the Artisan Profession)
Shepherd.png Shepherd
Befriend barn animals quicker.
Sheep produce wool faster.
Agriculturist.png Agriculturist
All crops grow 10% faster.

Quality Crop Frequency

Quality is determined when the crop is harvested, and not when it is planted.

First the game tests if the crop gets gold quality, if it doesn't it tries again with silver quality. If both fail the crop is normal quality. Quality is also dependent on the usage of Fertilizer.

The basic formula for finding a gold quality crop (not including fertilizer) is 1% + 2% per farming level. The basic formula for finding a silver quality crop is 2% + 4% per level, though the game must first fail to award a gold quality crop before it will check to award a silver quality crop, so the chances for a silver quality are slightly reduced. The tables below show the probabilities of harvesting each quality of crop. Note that it is possible to reach Farming level 11-13 with buffs from Food.

Normal soil

Farming level  % Regular quality  % Silver quality  % Gold quality
0 97% 2% 1%
1 91% 6% 3%
2 86% 9% 5%
3 80% 13% 7%
4 75% 16% 9%
5 69% 20% 11%
6 64% 23% 13%
7 60% 25% 15%
8 55% 28% 17%
9 50% 31% 19%
10 46% 33% 21%
11 42% 35% 23%
12 38% 37% 25%
13 34% 39% 27%

Soil with Basic Fertilizer

Farming level  % Regular quality  % Silver quality  % Gold quality
0 87% 9% 4%
1 77% 15% 8%
2 68% 20% 12%
3 59% 26% 15%
4 50% 31% 19%
5 42% 35% 23%
6 35% 39% 26%
7 28% 42% 30%
8 22% 44% 34%
9 16% 47% 37%
10 15% 44% 41%
11 14% 41% 45%
12 13% 39% 48%
13 12% 36% 52%

Soil with Quality Fertilizer

Farming level  % Regular quality  % Silver quality  % Gold quality
0 78% 14% 8%
1 64% 23% 13%
2 52% 30% 18%
3 40% 36% 24%
4 30% 41% 29%
5 20% 46% 34%
6 15% 45% 40%
7 14% 41% 45%
8 12% 38% 50%
9 11% 33% 56%
10 10% 29% 61%
11 9% 25% 66%
12 7% 21% 72%
13 6% 17% 77%

Complete Formula

Details 
The probability that a crop is gold quality is linear with respect to both farming level and fertilizer quality. That is, the probability increases the same amount with each level for the same fertilizer quality, and with each fertilizer quality for the same farming level. The formula used in the game's code is as follows:

P(gold) = 0.01 + 0.2 * (lvl/10 + q * (lvl+2)/12)

where lvl is your farming level and q is the fertilizer quality. The game assigns a value of 0 for normal soil, 1 for basic fertilizer, and 2 for quality fertilizer. You can rewrite it to isolate either lvl or q as the 'independent' variable:

P(gold) = (1+2*lvl)/100 + q * (lvl+2)/60
P(gold) = (3+10*q)/300 + lvl * (6+5*q)/300

The probability that a crop is silver quality (given that it isn't gold) is actually twice the probability that it was gold quality, but capped at 75%. That is:

P(silver | not gold) = MIN(2*P(gold), 0.75)

But because sometimes the crop is gold quality, the true probability that the crop is silver quality is a little bit less:

P(silver) = MIN(2*P(gold),0.75) * (1-P(gold))

You can actually see the 75% cap at work in the table above, if indirectly: notice that the probability of a silver crop actually goes down once the probability of a gold crop crosses the 37.5% threshold.

Finally, the probability that a crop is normal quality is the same as the probability that the crop is neither silver nor gold quality. Since it can't be both silver or gold, the formula simplifies to:

P(normal) = 1 - P(silver) - P(gold)

Experience Points

The amount of experience gained from harvesting crops varies from crop to crop, with slower growing and more expensive crops giving more experience upon harvest. Crops that yield multiple produce per harvest, such as blueberry, cranberry, or potato, only reward experience for the first product and do not offer any extra experience for the multiples.

Petting a farm animal, milking a cow or goat, shearing a sheep, or picking up an animal product inside a coop or barn gives 5 experience points each. (Picking up Truffles gives Foraging experience rather than Farming experience.)

To level up farming from level 0 to 1, it takes 12 parsnips, or 8 potatoes, or 5 cauliflowers. From level 0 to 2, it takes about 48 parsnips, or 28 potatoes, or 17 cauliflower plants.

Spring
Crop XP
Coffee Bean.png Coffee Bean 4
Tulip.png Tulip 7
Parsnip.png Parsnip 8
Green Bean.png Green Bean 9
Blue Jazz.png Blue Jazz 10
Garlic.png Garlic 12
Potato.png Potato 14
Kale.png Kale 17
Strawberry.png Strawberry 18
Cauliflower.png Cauliflower 23
Rhubarb.png Rhubarb 26
Ancient Fruit.png Ancient Fruit 43
Cactus Fruit.png Cactus Fruit 14
Summer
Crop XP
Coffee Bean.png Coffee Bean 4
Hops.png Hops 6
Wheat.png Wheat 6
Hot Pepper.png Hot Pepper 9
Corn.png Corn 10
Tomato.png Tomato 12
Blueberry.png Blueberry 14
Sunflower.png Sunflower 14
Radish.png Radish 15
Summer Spangle.png Summer Spangle 15
Poppy.png Poppy 20
Melon.png Melon 27
Red Cabbage.png Red Cabbage 28
Starfruit.png Starfruit 44
Ancient Fruit.png Ancient Fruit 43
Cactus Fruit.png Cactus Fruit 14
Fall
Crop XP
Wheat.png Wheat 6
Corn.png Corn 10
Eggplant.png Eggplant 12
Bok Choy.png Bok Choy 14
Grape.png Grape 14
Sunflower.png Sunflower 14
Beet.png Beet 16
Cranberries.png Cranberries 14
Amaranth.png Amaranth 21
Artichoke.png Artichoke 22
Yam.png Yam 22
Fairy Rose.png Fairy Rose 29
Pumpkin.png Pumpkin 31
Ancient Fruit.png Ancient Fruit 43
Sweet Gem Berry.png Sweet Gem Berry 64
Cactus Fruit.png Cactus Fruit 14

The experience points awarded are calculated using the formula XP=||16 × ln(0.018 × PRICE + 1)|| where PRICE is the base sell price of the crop (listed in ObjectInformation.xnb). Silver or gold quality crops don't grant more XP than normal-quality crops.

Harvesting forageable plants grown on the farm counts as 3 foraging experience points per plant rather than farming experience points.

Experience level is increased immediately upon harvesting, but the "level up" window doesn't appear until after going to sleep.

Lvl Total Lifetime Parsnips Harvested Experience
1 13 100
2 48 380
3 97 770
4 163 1300
5 269 2150
6 413 3300
7 600 4800
8 863 6900
9 1250 10000
10 1875 15000

Food

Certain cooked dishes will temporarily increase farming level.

Image Name Description Ingredients Restores Buff(s) Buff Duration Recipe Source(s) Sell Price
Complete Breakfast.png
Complete Breakfast You'll feel ready to take on the world! Fried Egg.png Fried Egg (1)Milk.png Milk (1)Hashbrowns.png Hashbrowns (1)Pancakes.png Pancakes (1) Energy.png 200
Health.png 90
Farming.png Farming (+2)Max Energy.png Max Energy (+50) Time Icon.png 7m

Cooking Channel.png The Queen of Sauce
21 Spring, Year 2

Gold.png350g
Hashbrowns.png
Hashbrowns Crispy and golden-brown! Potato.png Potato (1)Oil.png Oil (1) Energy.png 90
Health.png 40
Farming.png Farming (+1) Time Icon.png 5m 35s

Cooking Channel.png The Queen of Sauce
14 Spring, Year 2

Gus Icon.png Stardrop Saloon for Gold.png250g

Gold.png120g
Pepper Poppers.png
Pepper Poppers Spicy breaded peppers filled with cheese. Hot Pepper.png Hot Pepper (1)Cheese.png Cheese (1) Energy.png 130
Health.png 58
Farming.png Farming (+2)Speed.png Speed (+1) Time Icon.png 7m

Shane Icon.png Shane (Mail - 3+ HeartIconLarge.png)

Gold.png200g
Tom Kha Soup.png
Tom Kha Soup These flavors are incredible! Coconut.png Coconut (1)Shrimp.png Shrimp (1)Common Mushroom.png Common Mushroom (1) Energy.png 175
Health.png 78
Farming.png Farming (+2)Max Energy.png Max Energy (+30) Time Icon.png 7m

Sandy Icon.png Sandy (Mail - 7+ HeartIconLarge.png)

Gold.png250g
Farmer's Lunch.png
Farmer's Lunch This'll keep you going. Omelet.png Omelet (1)Parsnip.png Parsnip (1) Energy.png 200
Health.png 90
Farming.png Farming (+3) Time Icon.png 5m 35s
Farming Skill Icon.png Farming Level 3
Gold.png150g
Maple Bar.png
Maple Bar It's a sweet doughnut topped with a rich maple glaze. Maple Syrup.png Maple Syrup (1)Sugar.png Sugar (1)Wheat Flour.png Wheat Flour (1) Energy.png 225
Health.png 101
Farming.png Farming (+1)Fishing.png Fishing (+1)Mining.png Mining (+1) Time Icon.png 16m 47s

Cooking Channel.png The Queen of Sauce
14 Summer, Year 2

Gold.png300g

Crops

History

  • 1.0: Introduced.
  • 1.1: Adjusted Rancher bonus to 20%, up from 10%, Artisan now increases the value of Artisan Goods by 40%, down from 50%
  • 1.2: Farming level now affects crop yield prior to level 10.
  • 1.3: Fixed bug that prevented farming XP being granted when harvesting with Scythe.